The patients also improved with regard to social contact and negative symptoms. Metamorphoses of the Werewolf: He had an altered consciousness of existence and execution; his attention was easily fatigued; he had feelings of strangeness with goal frustration, imperative auditory hallucinations, visual illusions, and cenesthopathic delusions. For example, some thought their mouths and teeth had changed shape, or their chests had broadened; some experienced their bodies shrinking, and some felt burning sensations in the belly and thighs. View at Google Scholar P. But less attention has been given to clinical lycanthropy, a condition that, although rare, does occur. Disorders typically diagnosed in childhood.
The theoretical explanations to the delusions in this syndrome vary Figure 1 and can be divided into two groups: One of these neurological causes is the changes in parts of the brain that are involved in representing body shape, as one neuroimaging study shows: Abstract Jules Cotard described, in , the case of a patient characterized by delusions of negation, immortality, and guilt as well as melancholic anxiety among other clinical features. At age 45 the patient was afraid to leave home, as he thought he would be killed. They grunt, claw, and feel their body is covered with hair and their nails are elongated — some people strongly believe they are in the process of metamorphosis into a wolf.
He said that he only wanted to eat raw meat, but when it was given to him, he refused it because it was not rotten enough.
Adult personality and behavior Gender dysphoria Sexual maturation disorder Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism.
Clinical lycanthropy is a very rare condition and is largely considered to be an idiosyncratic expression of a psychotic episode caused by another condition such as schizophreniabipolar disorder or clinical depression. The person has vivid hallucinations of being an animal or having whatever traits that animal has, such as claws, fur, or fangs Disorganized Speech: One saw the head of a wolf when looking at himself in the mirror; another was convinced the bones in her body had been replaced by a pig’s, and one felt claws growing in her feet.
Table of Contents Alerts. Bahar Gholipour, Staff Writer Bahar Gholipour is a staff reporter for Live Science covering neuroscience, odd medical cases and all things health. Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis. The Women’s Study Bible: In rare cases, individuals may believe that other people have transformed into animals.
Case Reports in Psychiatry
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Finally, the patient displayed decreased vital energy, insomnia, hypokinesia, and waxy flexibility, maintaining persistent positions as well as lack of spontaneity.
The most prominent symptom is obviously the delusion that an individual is cwse the process of transforming into an animal or has already turned into an animal. Affected individuals believe that they are in the process of transforming into an animal or have already transformed into an animal.
The first case report on clinical lycanthropy was published inand described a man admitted to an asylum in Nancy, France, who was convinced that lycantthropy had turned lycanthdopy a wolf. When hospitalized, our patient mentioned that he indeed was immortal. Treatments for this disorder usually include antidepressants, antipsychotics, or other drugs that have been proven to reduce delusions and hallucinations.
Cotard’s Syndrome in a Patient with Schizophrenia: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Negation may affect the somatic constitution of the patient; the metaphysical representations were created on their own as what has happened with our patient. View at Google Scholar G. It is about a year-old male patient, native of Cajamarca, who had completed high school and lived with his son and daughter-in-law lycanthorpy three months. The condition is generally thought to be an unusual expression of another disorder, such as schizophreniabipolar disorder or severe depression.
The adjective ‘clinical’ is used to emphasize that the condition doesn’t mean actual lycanthropy, or the ability to metamorphose physically into a wolf, Blom said. He had however a hard time adapting. This syndrome is considered to be rare. There was also flat affection, paranoid mood, ambivalence, and feelings of guilt. The patient was treated with aripiprazole, showing improvement after two weeks of treatment.
History of Psychiatry He stopped taking olanzapine and clonazepam after fifteen days of treatment. Transformation into frogsand even beeshas been reported in some instances. Theoretical explanations of Cotard and Capgras delusions. View at Google Scholar H.
Clinical lycanthropy has been seen as a cultural manifestation of schizophrenia due to the first four symptomatic criteria:. One case study conducted in an individual reported a serial transformation that began with a change from srudy to dog, and then to horse, and finally to cat, before returning to the reality of human existence after treatment.
Two case studies have been reported.
Journal of Psychiatric Practice Regarding treatment, the combination of antipsychotics and antidepressants is often used, but if this shows no improvement, ECT is suggested.