Referring to the Directive Principle that mandated the State to ensure the provision of effective and adequate education,29 the Court observed, in language that would soon become a staple feature of judicial decisions: These principles are not justiciable. Administrative divisions ——————— State governments Governors List Chief ministers List Chief secretary Principal secretaries Field-level officers Divisional commissioners District magistrates Sub-divisional magistrates Legislatures: The Constitution of India does not formally classify the Directive Principles of State Policy but for better understanding and on the basis of content and direction- they can be classified into three categories: Log into your account. Log In Sign Up.

Fundamental Rights limit the power of government and restrains the state from making any law which contravenes the interests of its people, on the other hand, Part IV helps the state in making a law which harmonizes the interest of its people. It shows the relevance and significance of DPSPs in the constitution and in the governance of a country. Drop files here or. Some recommended scrapping the Chapter altogether, while others argued for placing it within the domain of Part III and the fundamental rights. Rather, its aim is to provide a conceptual understanding of their role in constitutional reasoning, and its examination of the cases is limited to that end. A number of memorials and places have been declared of national importance and the responsibility of their preservation and protection rests with the government.

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Moreover, its backwardness and diversity dps; also a hindrance in implementing these principles at that time. Upload Your Knowledge on Political science: The Constitution of India does not formally classify the Directive Principles of State Policy but for better understanding and on the basis of content and direction- they can be classified into three categories: The strong standard, adopted by the UK Supreme Court in interpreting the Human Rights Act, goes one further and allows for any interpretation, no matter how strained, to be preferred if it is consistent with the Human Rights Act and is an intelligible reading of the statute in question.

Edsay Champakam Dorairajan20, for instance, Madras attempted to justify dpsl affirmative action policies, which conflicted with the fundamental right to non-discrimination, on the basis of the DPSPs.


Some are economic and some relate to justice and education. The principle of non- superfluity is a standard interpretive technique, based on the assumption that the legislature does not waste its words. According to Article 51 b of the Indian Constitution, the State shall maintain just and honorable relations among various states in the world.

And esssay of them pointed out the contradictions inherent in placing abstract principles of economic justice alongside concrete policies like prohibition and controlling cow slaughter. It also mentions that essxy Principles should always be kept in view while the laws are to be enacted and administration is to be run.

Poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, under development, industrial and technological gaps, lack of health care facilities for the poor, costly justice, increasing urban- rural gap and regional imbalances continue to characterise Indian society. Before we pause to examine the evolution of this approach, we must examine the constitutional arguments that support this position. As the Article 37 itself describes these principles as fundamental in the governance of the country.

Mallikarjun, 11 SCC 1.

Directive Principles

Firstly, it amended Article 39 which obligates the state to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Justice Mathew uses the Directive Principles to decide which conception — colour-blind or group-subordination — is more faithful to the Constitution. What updates do you want to see in this article?

Directive Principles of State Policy | Essay | India | Political Science

This has greatly increased the importance of the Director Principles of the State Policy. Hence, they impose a moral obligation on the state authorities for their application.

essay on dpsp

In the end, all these sesay and policies try to achieve goals and principle given in Article 38 i. According to Article 48 of the Indian Constitution, the state will ensure adequate wages, good life and rest to the laborers.

The State shall endeavor to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operative basis in rural areas.


The Court has done this through a simple argument: Election to the office of President of India, This writ compels the authority to do its duty. Art 38 2 which has been interested into the Indian Constitution by the 44th Constitutional Amendment provides that the State will strive for minimising the inequalities present in the income of the people, their social status, privileges and opportunities but would also try to minimise the inequalities present in the various fields of national life of the people living in different parts of the country and belonging to different professions.

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) Under the Indian Constitution

According to Justice Mathew: Per Article 38 1prompt rendering of the justice by courts is part of animating judiciary. The State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisation engaged in any industry. The directive principles commit the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health, particularly by prohibiting intoxicating drinks and drugs injurious to health except for medicinal purposes per Article Directive Principles are classified under the following categories dpssp and socialistic, political and administrative, justice and legal, environmental, protection of monuments and peace and security.

Moreover, the Court said that the Fundamental Rights are the means through which the goals enumerated in Part IV are achieved. It will also ensure assistance to pregnant women. The majority 71 M. Invoking Article 39 d — equal pay for equal work, the Court held: oj

essay on dpsp

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