His first invasion directed against the frontier towns was in the years and his last and most important was at Somnath Temple in His mausoleum is located at Ghazni in modern Afghanistan. Although he used Hindu Indian auxiliary troops, Mahmud also ordered or allowed the destruction of Hindu temples. Punitive campaign against Jats of Indus region. He had been a gifted military commander, and during his rule, universities were founded to study various subjects such as mathematics, religion, the humanities, and medicine.

Economic History of India. He then solicited an alliance and cemented it by marrying Nasr Khan’s daughter. Simon and Schuster, Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. He was a brilliant general and a mighty conqueror.

Under his reign, the region broke away cleanly from the Samanid sphere of influence and hastened their end. Mahmud had already oc relationships with the leadership in Balkh through marriage, its local Emir Abu Nasr Mohammad, offered his services to the Sultan and his daughter to Mahmud’s son, Muhammad.

The capital appealed to many prominent figures, such as al-Biruni and Ferdowsi. Mahmud initiated the first of numerous invasions of North India. It is related that Mahmud fell in love with a young male slave by the name of Ayaz.

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Mahmud Ghazni’s Invasions of India 17 Times

Abolfazl BeyhaghiFerdowsi give descriptions of the magnificence of the capital, as well as of the conqueror’s munificent support of literature. Contents 1 Lineage 2 Military campaigns 2.


He is usually associated with 17 invasions in 25 years. Masud tried to stop the Seljuk advance but was defeated in at the Battle of Dandanqan and was overthrown the next year.

He took away a booty of 2 million wssay. Jagran Prakashan Ltd Mahmud’s expeditkons campaign to the south was against the Ismaili Fatimid Kingdom at Multan in a bid to curry political favor and recognition with the Abbassid Caliphate engaged with the Fatimids elsewhere.

Preferring death to dis-honour, he cast himself upon a funeral pyre. The Perso-Afghan dialect Dari was made the official language. The expanding Seljuk Turkish empire absorbed most of the Ghaznavid west.

After the death of King Harsha, the entire north India was disintegrated into many small exleditions.

Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the expeditione volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Who had given Mahmud an investiture to rule as an independent ruler? This alliance greatly helped him during his expeditions into Northern India.

essay on the expeditions of mahmud of ghazni

Battle with Anandpal Code: The specific problem is: New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. According to Ferishta, Mahmoud’s mother was a Persian noble from Zabulistan; [2] although, this information contradicts Ferdowsi ‘s satire of Mahmud for “being descended from slaves on both maternal and paternal side.


Summary on the Campaigns of Mahmud of Ghazni in India

During Mahmud’s rule, universities were founded to study various subjects such as mathematics, religion, the humanities, and medicine. Har-Anand Publication Pvt Ltd. He then solicited an alliance and cemented it by marrying Ot Khan’s daughter.

essay on the expeditions of mahmud of ghazni

I B Taurus and company. King Daud who had failed to act as faithful ally and reverted to old heretic practices was taken prisoner and deposed. Mahmud brought whole libraries from Ray and Isfahan to Ghazni.

Mahmud Ghazni’s Invasions of India

The Many Voices of a History. There was a lack of control over the army. The city of Mathura was a beautiful city and a sacred place of the Hindus having about 1, temples.

By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Sultan Alptigin died in C. In the context of his religious policies toward Hindus, modern historians such as Romila Pf and Richard M.

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