Large parts of this impoverished nation where damage, most importantly the capital Port Au Prince, where shanty towns and even the presidential palace crumbled to dust. Impacts Short term responses Long term recovery. There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti. How are sand dunes formed? It is estimated the 1 in 5 jobs were lost as a result of the quake Rubble from collapsed buildings blocked roads and rail links. There was much confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with prioritisation of flights further complicated early relief work.
The port was destroyed Sea levels in local areas changed, with some parts of the land sinking below the sea The roads were littered with cracks and fault lines. The earthquake was caused by a slip along an existing fault in this area Enriquillo-Plaintain Garden fault. Primary caused directly by the earthquake. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The earthquake’s epicentre was 25 km west of Port-au-Prince, the capital. Some secondary effects didn’t happen until many months later, eg cholera outbreaks.
The North American plate is moving west. Haiti is a very poor country without the money and resources to redevelop. Take a look at our new resources in the shop Dismiss. Medicines San frontiers, a charity, tried to help casualties whilst the USA took charge of trying to coordinate Aid distribution.
Damage to the caxe clothing industry. The large number of bodies meant that diseases, especially cholera, became a serious problem.
Earthquake case-study (Haiti-LEDc) 2010
Most of the camps had no electricity, running water, or sewage disposal, and the tents were beginning to fall apart. Please Support Internet Geography If you’ve found the resources on this site useful please consider making a secure donation via PayPal to support the development casf the site.
It was difficult getting aid into the area because of issues at the airport and generally poor management of the situation. Click here for larger version. Because there were few earthquake-resistant buildingsthe devastation was massive. Kerala flood case study. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.
Communication systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical networks had been damaged by the earthquake, which slowed rescue and aid efforts. The pressure that was built up because of the friction between the 2 plates was eventually released causing a eatrhquake 7 earthquake on the Richter Scale with an epicentre 16 miles West of Port-au-Prince and a shallow focus of 5 miles.
Pressure builds between the two plates until it is released as an earthquake. Many of the effects were immediate or primaryeg injuries from falling buildings.
Image courtesy of Wikipedia. Lack of immediate aid through poor planning, management and access meant that people had to try and rescue each other. Primary and secondary effects of the Haiti earthquake.
Uaiti map to show the location of Haiti in relation to tectonic plates.
By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Port-au-Prince’s morgues were quickly overwhelmed with many tens of thousands of bodies having to be buried in mass graves. The earthquake occurred on January 12 ththe epicentre was centred just 10 miles southwest of the capital city, Port au Prince and the quake was shallow—only about kilometres below the land’s surface.
The Dominican Republic is located to the east of Haiti and kedc over half of the island. The port was destroyed Sea levels in local areas changed, with some parts of the land sinking below the sea The roads were littered with cracks and fault lines. The large number of deaths meant that hospitals and morgues became full and bodies then had to be piled up on the streets.
Haiti is part of a large Caribbean island called Hispaniola. Hurricane Katrina Case Study.
The earthquake was caused by the North American Plate sliding past the Caribbean Plate at a conservative plate margin. The port, other major roads and communications link were damaged beyond repair earthsuake needed replacing.
Some secondary effects didn’t happen until many months later, eg cholera outbreaks. Where are deserts located?