When elections were called under the Government of India Act , Azad was appointed to organise the Congress election campaign, raising funds, selecting candidates and organising volunteers and rallies across India. Azad was arrested and sent to Ranchi jail where he suffered untold hardships. Azad was imprisoned, together with the entire Congress leadership. Azad’s Al-Hilal was consequently banned in under the Press Act. Rajendra Prasad to make the rebellion as effective as possible.
When they learnt of Gandhi holding talks with Jinnah in Mumbai in , Azad criticised Gandhi’s move as counter-productive and ill-advised. I shall enlarge this orbit still further. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle. For the former Indian president, see A. The concept implies that, upto a given level, all students, irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex have access to education of a comparable quality. He died of a stroke on February 22,
Azad’s criticism of Jinnah and the League intensified as Jinnah called Congress rule in the provinces as “Hindu Raj”, calling the resignation of the Congress ministries as a ” Day of Deliverance ” for Muslims. Azad remained a close confidante, supporter and advisor to prime minister Nehru, and played an important role in essau national policies.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
All political prisoners were released in and Azad led the Congress in the elections for the new Constituent Assembly of Indiawhich would draft India’s constitution. He used new phrases for new ideas and was a definite influence in giving shape to Urdu language as it is today. He was the first to raise the issue of the National System of Education which is today the bed-rock of the National Policy aaad Education updated in i Jinnah and the League’s separatist agenda was gaining popular support amongst Muslims.
He was taught at home, first by his father and later by appointed teachers who were eminent in their respective fields.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: Upon his release, Azad returned to a political atmosphere charged with sentiments of outrage and rebellion against British rule. Recalling the memories of the Roman and the Greek orators, there was magic in his words, his language was chaste, civilized, his speech was dramatic.
He was the embodiment of the spirit of freedom and unity beyond distinctions of caste, creed and communalism. His greatest contribution, however, is that in spite of being an eminent scholar of Urdu, Persian and Arabic he stood for the abyl of English language for educational advantages and national and international needs.
I can never surrender this claim. His popularity was so high that at 35 he became the President of the Indian National Congress, the youngest ever to hold that office.
Abul Kalam Azad
He adopted the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s ideas by living simply, rejecting material possessions and pleasures. But he was more than a mere summation teluvu the best in the past—its courtesy, its tolerance, its mellowness, its feel for spiritual values, its sensitiveness to humanism.
Unfortunately, our azax approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The biggest nationalist upheaval in a decade, Azad was imprisoned along with millions of people, and would frequently be jailed from to for long periods of time. Azad developed a close friendship with Nehru and began espousing socialism as the means to fight inequality, poverty and other national challenges.
Additionally, the proposal called for the “grouping” of provinces on tekugu lines, which would informally band together the Muslim-majority province in the West as Group B, Muslim-majority provinces of Bengal and Assam as Group C and the rest of India as Group A.
Al-Hilal was soon banned by British authorities, as was a second weekly newspaper that he had started.
Azad was arrested and sent to Ranchi jail where he suffered untold hardships. Transfer of Power in India. The Right to Education Bill seeks to make free and compulsory education a fundamental right. He is celebrated as one of the founders and greatest patrons of the Jamia Millia Islamia. There was a problem with your submission.
We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
He was a pillar of strength to the Congress ever since essaj joined the organization. This period marked a transformation in Azad’s own life.
Among the new institutions he established were the three National Academies viz the Sangeet Natak AcademySahitya Academy and Lalit Kala Academythe Indian Council for Cultural Relations having been established by him earlier in As Education Minister And today you are afraid to live here. As Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, an apex body to recommend to the Government educational reform both at the center and the states including universities, he advocated, languafe particular, universal primary education, free and compulsory for all children upto the age of 14, kaulana education, vocational training, agricultural education and technical education.
His intense patriotism, his capacity for sacrifice, his dedication in the service of the country is shining examples for maulaan people of India to follow.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is one of those rare personalities through whom the distinctions of the 20th century can be recognized and possibilities of the 21st century determined.